Path to Permanent Residency in the United Kingdom
The United Kingdom is one of the best choices for pursuing education as it is a great blend of people from around the world. It is also student-friendly and is amongst the leaders in almost all sectors. In total, the UK spent a staggering £83.4 billion on education in the year 2015-2016 and the numbers have risen up since then. The United Kingdom has a total of 12 universities in the list of the top 100 universities in the world. England has the famous Oxford and Cambridge, which are very well known across the world and are over 8 centuries old.
UK is a diverse blend of various cultures and the main religions are Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism. The rich and ancient history and a modern democracy make the United Kingdom a conducive place for Higher Education. In the year 2015, there were more than 4,00,000 students coming into the United Kingdom to pursue their education and the numbers have been rising since then. The United Kingdom welcomes these students wholeheartedly to study and also be a permanent resident.
How to Get PR in the UK?
Quality of the teaching and research in the UK in higher education is reputed around the world because of the continuous assessment. The British Government's Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA) keeps in check the quality of education with scope for compromise. There are various aspects taken into account and so one can be sure of the quality of education. The universities are graded points out of 24 wherein 22 and above is considered excellent. So while choosing a university it is important to see the score- the higher the better.
The Research Excellence Framework (REF) monitors the research activities of the universities in the United Kingdom.
Different universities have different criteria. Usually, better the ranking of the university, higher are the scores required. The English requirement also differs in each university.
You also need to pass numerous exams to study in the UK, such as
The prerequisite for some of the universities across the UK is an undergraduate degree with second class honors or better. The test scores usually need to be over 90 for online TOEFL. An IELTS of 7.0 and at least 6.3-grade point is also a plus. You will also need a letter of recommendation and a good statement of purpose.
The cost of studying in the UK including all the costs come to about £11,000 each year which translates to around INR 9,50,000. The costs may vary depending upon the course and the place but the average costs are mentioned. The cost for the premium universities like Oxford, Cambridge and Imperial College of London can go as much as £30,000 which is about INR 27,00,000.
For the visa, all the documents required are put up on the embassy website which usually includes the Passport, photos, the University Admit, and the UK address. You need to get a medical certificate ruling you tuberculosis-free.
The visa application fee is £330 and there is a healthcare charge of £150 per year which shows that you are medically fit.
Once your identity is confirmed, then they can decide to grant you a Tier-4 Visa which is the student Visa. Before Brexit, the Tier-4 visa was valid till the duration of the course plus 4 months after the completion of the courses. Post-Brexit, an announcement was made in March 2019 that the Tier-4 Visa will be valid for six months after the completion of the course for postgraduate students and one year for doctoral students. Once your identity is confirmed, then they can decide to grant you a Tier-4 Visa which is the student Visa. For shorter courses which last about 6 months, there is the short term study visa, which is valid for 6 months and can be extended to about 11 months.
There are almost 100 scholarships available for international students offering anything between a concession on the tuition fee to a full waiver also. Every department of study in the UK has its own Scholarships, so depending upon your field of study you can apply for the scholarship in advance.
It is very easy for students to find an internship. Students of Tier-4 Visa can work for up to 20 hours per week and full time during Christmas and can earn about 300 to 500 pounds a month. An internship will not only provide money but will also help to improve your resume.
All the biggest companies in the world have their offices across the United Kingdom. After completion of a degree, UK welcomes international students to work there. Students can apply for a job of their liking. The visa requirements for permanent working in the UK is a Tier-2 Visa.
More than 7,000 international students switch from the Tier-4 Student Visa to a Tier-2 Work Visa every year. According to the current set of rules, students have to wait until they get their degree to apply for a Tier-2 visa.
As per the new set of rules, students can apply for the Tier-2 visa as soon as they complete their course. These set of rules are set to start from 11th January 2018. A Tier-2 visa is a work visa which allows the visa holder to work in the United Kingdom.
Apart from this, the UK has a Tier-1 Visa which allows international students to set up a business and is the graduate entrepreneur visa.
The Tier-5 is a work visa for Tier-4 student visa holders to undergo professional training or work experience.
Becoming a permanent resident for international students is securing the “indefinite leave to remain (ILR) Visa”. After 5 years of completing a graduate job, a person can apply for the ILR. A stable income along with a full-time job, good moral conduct with no criminal record will help in securing the ILR visa. People also have to pass the Knowledge of Life in the UK test and a recognized English Language test. The entire process of obtaining the ILR visa can take up to 6 months.
For the ILR the following details are collected:
After 2016, applicants need to make a minimum of £35,000 per year after being on a Tier-2 Visa for 5 years. These numbers may change every year.
Becoming a Citizen
After a year of securing the ILR and spending more than 5 years in the UK, a person can apply for British citizenship. With citizenship, people can enjoy all the benefits of a UK citizen in healthcare and the job sector.
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